a. A trigonometric operation for finding the directions and distances to and the coordinates of a point by means of bearings from two fixed points a known distance apart; specif. a method of surveying in which the stations are points on the ground at the vertices of a chain or network of triangles, whose angles are measured instrumentally, and whose sides are derived by computation from selected sides or base lines, the lengths of which are obtained by direct measurement on the ground or by computation from other triangles. Triangulation is generally used where the area surveyed is large and requires the use of geodetic methods. CF: trilateration
b. The network or system of triangles into which any part of the Earth's surface is divided in a trigonometric survey. AGI
Source:
Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms












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