Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867-1934)
She was born in Warsaw, Poland, where her father was a professor of physics. She studied chemistry and physics at Warsaw and at the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1898 she discovered the element polonium. That same year Madame Curie and her husband, Pierre Curie, discovered the element radium. Madame Curie shared the Nobel prize in physics with her husband and A. H. Becquerel in 1903. She was the first woman scientist to win the Nobel prize in chemistry (1911) and was the first person to share in two Nobel prizes.
Source: Metcalfe, H. Clark, John E. Williams, and Joseph F. Castka 1974. Modern Chemistry. New York, NY. Holt, Rinehart and Winston