Basic

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  1. Said of an igneous rock having a relatively low silica content, sometimes delimited arbitrarily as 44% to 51% or 45% to 52% ; e.g., gabbro, basalt. Basic rocks are relatively rich in iron, magnesium, and/or calcium, and thus include most mafic rocks as well as other rocks. Basic is one of four subdivisions of a widely used system for classifying igneous rocks based on their silica content: acidic, intermediate, basic, and ultrabasic. CF: femic
  2. Said loosely of dark-colored minerals. CF: silicic; mafic. AGI
  3. Said of a plagioclase that is calcic.

Source: Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms


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